According to the Mayo Clinic, 15% of couples suffer with fertility problems. They cannot conceive a child even after having unprotected sex for a year and longer. And about half of the time, the root of the problem is male fertility issues.
Male infertility may be caused by reduction in sperm count, abnormal sperm production or function due to undescended testicles, genetic defects, or any health problems such as diabetes or HIV. Female infertility may be caused by an abnormal uterus or problems with ovulation. Conditions such as polyps, fibroid and adenomyosis may lead to obstruction of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
Following habits are hurting your fertility so it is best to avoid doing these things in your daily life:
- Chain smoking: As per Dr. Ghadir, “smoking affects the fertility in both men and women”. It deteriorates the quantity of eggs and sperm. According to one study, infertility rates in smokers are double that of infertility in non-smokers.
- Taking illegal or prescription drugs: According to Anderson-Bialis, the hair-growth drugs may increase your follicle count but reduce your sperm count. Some antidepressants and antihypertensive drugs may cause erectile dysfunction, or can slow or prevent the production of sperm. Illegal drugs known as recreational drugs also have many side effects on emotional and physical health. Use of cocaine or marijuana may reduce the sperm count and quality. Marijuana can cause ovulatory dysfunction in women.
- Drinking alcohol: Drinking alcohol can lower testosterone levels, cause erectile dysfunction and decrease sperm production. Excessive drinking can also cause lever disease which may create fertility problems.
- Exposing genitals to heat: The frequent use of steam rooms, hot tubs, and whirlpool may temporarily impair production and reduce sperm count. Heat in extreme amount can damage the testes and decline semen quality. A recent study by Fertility and Sterility found that the heat created from laptops can affect sperm motility and cause DNA damage. Cell phone emissions can also cause sperm damage.
- Exercising too much: The CDC recommends incorporating strength training at least two days a week. Avoid performing strength training on consecutive days. You can go to the gym everyday but refrain from lifting weight or doing intense cardio every day in the gym. According to Anderson-Bialis, over exercising can also lower your sperm count.
- Tight clothing: According to one study, men making lifestyle changes like wearing boxer shorts instead of briefs and giving up vices like drinking and smoking do not affect fertility, but on the other side, some researchers say that wearing skinny jeans can impair fertility and cause serious nerve damage.
- Too much stress: Researchers are not sure if mental health can affect fertility, but it is clear that infertility can affect metal health. High levels of depression, anxiety, and stress can affect the hormones that regulate ovulation. In male, stress can reduce sperm and semen quality. Obesity can impair fertility in several ways including directly impacting sperm and by causing hormone changes that reduce fertility.
- Eating junk food: Men who eat junk food are more likely to be infertile. The ingredients in junk food provide empty calories. A new joint study by American and Spanish experts showed that junk food can also affect the fertility of young men.